Quest for topological superconductivity

Rövid cím: 
Quest for topological superconductivity
2017. 05. 05. 10:15
BME Fizikai Intézet, Elméleti Fizika Tanszék, Budafoki út 8. F-épület, III lépcsőház, szemináriumi szoba
Guo-qing Zheng (Okayama Univ.)

Topological Insulators (TIs) are materials in which the bulk is insulating but the surface hosts metallic states due to non-zero topological invariants of the bulk band structure. A topological superconductor is analogous to a TI in that the superconducting gap function has a nontrivial topological invariant. Although a great success has been achieved in the study of topological insulators, progress in establishing bulk topological superconductivity has been slow until recently. In this talk, I will introduce our efforts in the quest of topological superconductivity in doped topological insulators CuxBi2Se3 [1] and Sn1-xInxTe [2,3], as well as in strongly electron-correlated superconductor Rb2Cr3As3 [4].

In Cu0.3Bi2Se3, our 77Se nuclear magnetic resonance measurements showed that spin rotation symmetry is spontaneously broken in the hexagonal plane below the superconducting transition temperature Tc=3.4 K [1]. This is the first evidence for such symmetry breaking found in any superconductors. Our results not only establish spin-triplet (odd parity) superconductivity in this compound, but also show that it is a topological superconductor belonging to DIII class. We will also report the doping mechanism and superconductivity in Sn1-xInxTe [2,3]. In Rb2Cr3As3 (Tc=4.8 K ), we found strong ferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the normal state and point nodes in the superconducting gap [4], which suggest that this compound is a solid-state analogue of superfluid 3He.

[1] K. Matano, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, Y. Ando and G.-q.Zheng, Nature Physics 12, 852 (2016).

[2] S. Maeda, S. Katsube, and G.-q.Zheng, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 86, 024702 (2017)

[3] S. Maeda, et al, in preparation.

[4] J. Yang, Z. T. Tang, G. H. Cao and G.-q.Zheng, PRL 115, 147002 (2015).