Exploring topological phases on quantum processors
2021. 04. 23. 10:15
Frank Pollmann (TU Munich)
Universal quantum computers are potentially an ideal setting for simulating emergent quantum many-body phenomena that are out of reach for classical computers. Here we discuss two applications to the study of topologically ordered systems: First, we represent the ground states of Hamiltonians using shallow quantum circuits and observe a quantum phase transition between different symmetry-protected topological phases on a quantum device. Second, we prepare the ground state of the toric code Hamiltonian using an efficient quantum circuit on a superconducting quantum processor. We measure a topological entanglement entropy near the expected value of ln 2, and simulate anyon interferometry to extract the braiding statistics of the emergent excitations.
Reference: Satzinger et al: Realizing topologically ordered states on a quantum processor, https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.01180