Kondo Cloud in a Superconductor

Rövid cím: 
Kondo Cloud in a Superconductor
2022. 04. 01. 10:15
BME building F, seminar room of the Dept. of Theoretical Physics & online in Teams
Gergely Zaránd (BME)
Magnetic impurities embedded in a metal are screened by the Kondo effect, signaled by the formation of an extended correlation cloud, the so-called Kondo or screening cloud. In a superconductor, the Kondo state turns into subgap Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states, and a quantum phase transition occurs between screened and unscreened phases, once the superconducting energy gap exceeds sufficiently the Kondo temperature. We show [1] that, although the Kondo state does not form in the unscreened phase, the Kondo cloud does exist in both quantum phases. However, while screening is complete in the screened phase, it is only partial in the unscreened phase. Compensation, a quantity introduced to characterize the integrity of the cloud, is universal, and shown to be related to the magnetic impurities’ g factor, monitored experimentally by bias spectroscopy.
[1]: CP Moca, I Weymann, MA Werner, and G Zaránd,  Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 186804 (2021).